Persons with a habit of skipping breakfast and eating dinner late have dire implications on their health.
According to a new study, eating dinner close to bedtime and not eating breakfast could lead to worse outcomes after having a heart attack.
The findings of this new study was published in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, a journal of the European Society of Cardiology.
The study is the first to evaluate these unhealthy behaviors in patients with acute coronary syndromes.
The study found that people with the two eating habits have a four to five times higher risk to have another h3art att4ck, or ang1na (chest pain) within 30 days after hospital discharge for earlier h3art att4ck.
According to Yahoo Sports News, researchers from São Paolo State University, Brazil, enrolled 113 patients; 73% of whom were men, with a mean age of 60.
All had experienced a particularly serious form of h3art att4ck called ST-segment elevation myoc4rdial inf4rct1on (STEMI).
Participants were asked about eating behaviors on admission to an intensive care unit. Skipping breakfast was defined as nothing before lunch at least three times per week. Late-night dinner eating was defined as a meal within two hours before bedtime at least three times per week.
Skipping breakfast was observed in 58 percent, late-night dinner eating in 51 per cent, and both behaviours in 41 percent.
In conclusion, the study author Dr. Marcos Minicucci, of São Paolo State University recommended a minimum two hour interval between dinner and bedtime.
“It is said that the best way to live is to breakfast like a king,” he said. “A good breakfast is usually composed of dairy products (fat-free or low fat milk, yogurt and cheese), a carbohydrate (whole wheat bread, bagels, cereals), and whole fruits. It should have 15 to 35% of our total daily calorie intake.”
“Our research shows that the two eating behaviors are independently linked with poorer outcomes after a h3art att4ck, but having a cluster of bad habits will only make things worse,” he added.
He also warned that, “People who work late may be particularly susceptible to having a late supper and then not being hungry in the morning.”